The city of Qanawat or Kanatha is an ancient Syrian city located seven kilometers northeast of al-Suwayda. Located in the south of the Syrian Arab Republic, ninety-five kilometers southeast of Damascus, an altitude of more than one thousand two hundred and fifty meters from the surface the sea


Qanawat city divided into two parts, a southern upper city, and a northern lower city, which was built entirely of black basaltic stones, giving it an attractive and strange appearance.


The name Kanatha, the ancient name of the city of Qanawat, was found on ancient Roman coins and inscriptions, as it was written next to the names of the emperors and leaders who ruled this area at the time, so the name Septima Kanatha was named after Emperor Septimius Severus, and the name of Gabina Kanatha is relative to Emperor Gabinus. The activity of the inhabitants of the city of Kanatha extended to all parts of the Roman Empire, where a Greek scripture monument was found at a site near the city of Lyon, France, bearing a memorial to one of the merchants of the then Kanatha called Tim bin Saad, and this confirms the arrival of the people of the city of canals with their trade to different parts of Europe.


A Syrian-German mission excavated a number of discovered buildings in the region, and they were able to discover during this period many important archaeological temples, Remains of Christian temples, dating back to the Byzantine and Roman period, in addition to many of rock carvings that indicate the life of these civilizations.


In addition, they discovered the small theater, which was designated for concerts and accommodated more than three thousand people. The site of the northern tombs, which was one of the results of recent excavations, and found many of pottery, glass vessels, silver and bronze coins, chains made of beads, bronze bracelets, rings, in addition to gold foil, basaltic sculptures, statues, and Greek writings.


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